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इंग्लिश ग्रामर महत्वपूर्ण प्रश्न

Choose the sentence with the right word order
1. Not until heard Bob from Jill he did believe she was alright.
2. Not until Bob heard from Jill he did believe she was alright.
3. Not until heard Bob from Jill did he believe she was alright.
4. Not until Bob heard from Jill did he believe she was alright.
*Explanation : When we invert the sentence with ‘not until, not since, only after, only when, only by’ we put them in the first place. Be careful and attentive with the word order! The first part after these words is NOT inverted while the second one IS inverted: [not until + subject + verb + object] + [auxiliary + subject + verb + object]*
Q2 : ____ Suez Canal joins____ Red Sea and ___Mediterranean Sea.
1. the / the / the✔

2. – / the / the

3. the / the / –

4. the / – / –
*Explanation : We use ‘the’ with all kinds of nouns when we talk about definite and specific things. Here: we should use ‘the’ with geographical features (rivers, seas, oceans, canals, mountain ranges, groups of islands and etc.).*
Q3 : _______ (you / to write) the report? – Yes, I _______ (just / to finish) it. I ________ (to do) it for so long.
1. Have you written / have just finished / have been doing✔
2. Did you write / have just finished / have been doing
3. Have you written / have just finished / have done
4. Have you written / just finish / have been doing
*Explanation : 1,2. We use the Present Perfect to emphasize the result. 3. We use the Present Perfect Continuous to emphasize the duration of some action which started in the past and continues up to now.*
Q4 : I ________ (to do) yoga while my dog ________ (to play) in the garden. Now I ______ (not / to see) him.
1. was doing / was playing / don’t see✔

2. was doing / played / don’t see

3. was doing / was playing / am not seeing

4. had done / was playing / don’t see
*Explanation : 1,2 ‘While’ shows that two actions were continuing simultaneously. In this case we usually use the Past Continuous. 3. When we use ‘see’ in the meaning of ‘ability to see with our eyes’ we use it in the form of the Present Simple.*
Q5 : _______ (you / to stay) here until we come?
1. Do you stay

2. Are you going to stay✔

3. Will you have stayed

4. Will you be staying
*Explanation : We use ‘be going to’ for intentions and plans. This expression refers to the present situation: we know the circumstances and according to them we make the intension.*
Q6 : Our team was content ___ winning the third place.
1. about

2. with✔

3. of

4. at
*Explanation : We should remember that some adjectives are used with specific prepositions after them: ‘content with’.*
Q7 : Oh, what a lovely chicken! _____ is yellow and bright like the Sun!
1. He

2. It✔

3. Her

4. She
*Explanation : On rare ocasions we use gendered pronouns to express our relation to some things very emotionally. We should remember that there are 3 genders in English: feminine, masculine and neutral. The word ‘chicken’ is of neutral gender.*
Q8 : There is _______ cheese in the fridge.
1. many

2. any

3. a few

4. a little✔
*Explanation : We use ‘a little’ with uncountable nouns*
Q9 : Express disappointment with what somebody did in the past: Kurt left his job.
1. I wish Kurt left his job.
2. I’d rather Kurt had left his job.
3. I’d rather Kurt hadn’t left his job.✔
4. I would like Kurt left his job.
*Explanation : When we need to show disappointment with what somebody did in the past we often use a construction [would rather + subject + Past Perfect]. Other answers do not relate to the meaning.*
Q10 : Use a suffix to form a noun from a given word: disturb
1. disturbance✔

2. disturbment

3. disturbness

4. disturbity
*Explanation : We say ‘disturbance’*
Q11 : My colleague is a ________ man. He doesn’t forgive offenses and always pays back.
1. ingenious

2. generous

3. revengeful

4. cordial
*Explanation : ‘Revengeful’ means ‘resentful, a person who causes harm to anyone who hurts him’.*
Q12 : Place the adverb on the correct place in the sentence
1. Darren was eating the roast chicken greedily because he was very hungry.
2. Darren was eating greedily the roast chicken because he was very hungry.
3. Darren greedily was eating the roast chicken because he was very hungry.
4. Darren was eating the roast chicken because he was very hungry greedily.
*Explanation : The adverb of manner should be placed either in the end of the clause or before the verb. Here we place it at the end of the clause: ‘was eating the roast chicken greedily’. We could also say ‘was greedily eating’.*
Q13 : I avoid ________ (to walk) alone in the forest.
1. walk

2. to walk

3. walking✔

4. walked
*Explanation : ‘Avoid’ requires the Gerund. In this case the Gerund is used as the object of the verb.*
Q14 : It was reported on Monday about record rise __ foreign invesments in the country.
1. in✔

2. of

3. for

4. to
*Explanation : We should remember that some nouns are used with specific prepositions after them: ‘rise in’.*
Q15 : My husband deals ___ car insurance.
1. on

2. at

3. in✔

4. for
*Explanation : It is correct to say ‘deal in’.*

Updated: March 20, 2017 — 11:44 pm
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